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Page updated June 30, 2007
Independent Oversight of HAARP
The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) was signed into law on January 1, 1970. Prior to this law, there was little environmental regulatory oversight for many Federal projects like highways, dams, airports, nuclear above ground testing, etc. Following the enactment of NEPA, however, all such projects are subject to review, reporting requirements, and mandated activities. These oversight responsibilities are often not readily apparent to the general public.
HAARP has complied with regulatory oversight requirements during all phases of the program beginning with the initial Environmental Impact Study conducted during 1992-1993, through all subsequent construction activities, and continuing today in all research operations. The Air Force is committed to safe, interference-free operation of the HAARP facility being constructed in Gakona, and has met or exceeded the NEPA requirements by having both voluntary as well as required oversight.
Formal oversight is provided by a number of federal, state, and local
agencies. In some agencies several departments provide independent
oversight for different concerns. The following table lists those
agencies that provide active, independent review of HAARP:
Agencies and Organizations with HAARP Oversight
|National Telecommunications & Information Administration
|Federal Aviation Administration||Federal
||Transmitting (Aircraft Safety)
|Environmental Protection Agency||Federal
||Adherence to Safety Standards
||Transmitting(Elmendorf AFB Ops)/Environmental
|Army Corps of Engineers||Federal
|National Park Service||Federal
||Animal Tracking/Emerg. Comms
|Fish & Wildlife Service||Federal
||Wildlife and RFI
|US Coast Guard||Federal
|Bureau of Land Management||Federal
|Bureau of Indian Affairs||Federal
|Advisory Council on Historic Preservation
|Alaska Deptartment of Environmental Conservation
||Water Quality/Natural Resources Mining Plans/RFI/RFR
|Historic Preservation Office
|Alaska Fish & Game
||Wildlife & RFI
|Alaska Department of Natural Resources
|Alaska Dept of Community and Regional Affairs
|American Radio Relay League
||Amateur Radio Interests
|Aircraft Owners & Pilots Association
||Pipeline Controls & Comms
As a means to facilitate community input for suggesting mitigation
measures, providing a conduit of information to the regulatory
agencies and the public, and ensuring independent oversight, the Air
Force established a Resolution Committee. This Committee was
established voluntarily by the Air Force and represents an additional
segment of the independent oversight that HAARP must observe. These
are the agencies or organizations that are members of this Committee:
Resolution Committee Membership:
In addition, the HAARP Program Office is required to have an educated and experienced Environmental Liaison Officer (ELO), whose sole responsibility is monitoring all construction and operational aspects of this project (that person is a Senior Environmental Scientist, with a Ph.D. and more than 25 years of experience). This additional oversight position was made a requirement as part of the HAARP environmental review process.
- Aircraft Owners & Pilots Association
- Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation
- Alaska Fish & Game
- Alyeska Pipeline Services
- American Radio Relay League (ARRL)
- Coast Guard LORAN Station (Tok, AK)
- Community-Appointed Resident (Copper Center, AK)
- Federal Aviation Administration (Anchorage Office)
- Fish & Wildlife (Federal)
- National Park Service
- Joint Frequency Management Office (Elmendorf AFB)
- HAARP Facility Prime Contractor
- Navy Contracting Officer's Representative (COR).
HAARP has tried to be responsive to the public's need for independent review. In addition to providing information to the local representative on the Resolution Committee and through this Web Site, informational meetings and presentations take place regularly. For example, technical presentations are given at the Prince William Sound Community College on the research being conducted at the facility, talks have been provided to Amateur Radio Clubs and other interested organizations, and the HAARP program maintains an active community outreach effort with help from the University of Alaska, Fairbanks. In addition, HAARP hosts Open Houses at the Gakona Research Station and provides tours of the facility for organized community and school groups.
All potential known environmental consequences of constructing and operating HAARP have been thoroughly studied, investigated, and reviewed, by appropriate independent authorities. HAARP can operate only at power levels, frequencies, and durations that have been reviewed and approved by the regulatory oversight agencies as stated in the EIS. The active voluntary and formal independent oversight assures the safe operation of HAARP.
The National Environmental Policy Act (from the Environmental Protection Agency).
National Environmental Policy Act (from Wikipedia).